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# 21.4 Summary

**Priority Queue.**A Max Priority Queue (or PQ for short) is an ADT that supports at least the insert and delete-max operations. A MinPQ supposert insert and delete-min.

**Heaps.**A max (min) heap is an array representation of a binary tree such that every node is larger (smaller) than all of its children. This definition naturally applies recursively, i.e. a heap of height 5 is composed of two heaps of height 4 plus a parent.

**Tree Representations.**Know that there are many ways to represent a tree, and that we use Approach 3b (see lecture slides) for representing heaps, since we know they are complete.

**Running times of various PQ implementations.**Know the running time of the three primary PQ operations for an unordered array, ordered array, and heap implementation.

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